Retinol: is a commonly used antioxidant in wrinkle creams proven to increase skin cell turnover. It also promotes collagen synthesis. It has the ability to neutralize free radicals that over time cause damage to your skin which leads to lines and wrinkles. It is known to cause irritation in some individuals with sensitive skin. Retinyl palmitate, another derivative of vitamin A, is considered to be less irritating than retinol, at the same levels, but is also considered to be less effective.
Argireline: is a peptide commonly used in high end wrinkle cream products. It usually targets deep lines and wrinkles that occur around the eyes and forehead. It is known to relax facial tension by limiting the release of neurotransmitters that cause facial muscles to tense. Relaxed facial muscles help prevent wrinkles. It also helps to slow the loss of collagen and elastin that normally occurs with age.
Matrixyl: its makers claim it is just as effective as retinol in eliminating lines and wrinkles but doesn’t cause skin irritation. It is known to stimulate the re-growth of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid that helps to fill lines and wrinkles from within.
Hyaluronic Acid: is a natural component of connective tissues. It is known for its plumping effect on wrinkles. The press named it the “key to the fountain of youth”. Apparently some people who ingest large quantities of it in their diets have tended to live to very old ages.
ABC News did a documentary on a Japanese village entitles “The Village of Long Life, Could Hyaluronic Acid Be an Anti-Aging Remedy?”. The subjects of the investigation got high amounts of hyaluronic acid through their diets of starchy vegetables rather than from any additional supplements they consumed.
CoQ10: is an anti oxidant that reduces the effects of free radicals. It is expensive so many wrinkle creams may have it listed on the label or it may be there in a very small quantity (just enough to be listed). There is also the problem of skin penetration with CoQ10, just because its included in a skin cream does not mean it will make it through your skin, many people fall prey to this. A solution for this is Nano-Lipobelle H-EQ10 an updated version of CoQ10. Its particles are broken down into microscopic (Nano) sizes to allow successful skin penetration. Studies have proven that this emulsion is effective at combating lines, wrinkles and sagging.
Deanol: was discovered to cause the skin to firm while toning up the muscles underneath. Body builders are known to use it to give them a more defined appearance. A Journal of Clinical Dermatology study from 2005 showed that a deanol gel at 3% concentration, when applied daily to the faces of volunteers for sixteen weeks straight deanol reduced their eye and forehead lines and also enhanced the fullness of their lips. This same study found deanol reduced the lines from the volunteers noses and lips, while firming neck skin and lifting lines under the eyes.
Ascorbyl Palmitate: vitamin C derivative known to plump thinning skin by stimulating collagen synthesis. It is also a well known antioxidant and capillary strengthener. It is useful to keep in mind that most collagens in higher-end wrinkle cream products won’t penetrate the skin since their molecules are usually too large.
Copper Peptides: more recently has become recognized for its wrinkle fighting power but was first studied in the 1970’s for its wound-healing abilities. Copper peptides slow down the signs of aging by limiting daily wear and tear and stimulating collagen regrowth. Clinical studies have shown copper peptides to remove damaged collagen and elastin from pre-existing scar tissue. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties its considered effective after patients have undergone chemical peels or laser resurfacing.